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Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association

Toxicological evaluation of hydrochlorofluorocarbon 142b.


PMID 3957176

Abstract

Groups of 110 rats of each sex were exposed by whole-body inhalation to 0, 1000, 10,000 or 20,000 ppm (v/v) of hydrochlorofluorocarbon 142b (CFC 142b or 1-chloro-1, 1-difluoroethane) for 6 hr/day, 5 days/wk for 104 wk (ten rats from each group were killed after 52 wk) in a combined chronic toxicity and oncogenicity study. Concurrently, ten male rats per group were exposed to the same concentrations for 13 wk in a bone-marrow cytogenicity study and another ten male rats per group were exposed for 15 wk in a dominant lethal study. No toxicologically significant compound-related effects were observed in behaviour, appearance, growth, clinical pathology, or gross and microscopic pathology. Respiratory infection and consequently higher than expected mortality during the first year did not compromise the studies or conclusions but may have contributed to the intergroup differences in the numbers of chromosome breaks and acentric fragments. No evidence for mutagenic potential was seen in either the dominant lethal or the cytogenetic assays. These data indicate the very low toxicity of CFC 142b with respect to chronic effects and genotoxic and oncogenic potential. The toxicological profile of CFC 142b is similar to that of other chlorofluorocarbons that have been assigned a threshold limit value (TLV) of 1000 ppm as a workplace 8-hr time-weighted average by the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists.