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Journal of basic microbiology

Metabolism of sulfur-containing amino acids in the dermatophyte Microsporum gypseum. I. Neutral amino acids.


PMID 3998995

Abstract

The dermatophyte Microsporum gypseum was cultivated on a glucose-arginine medium to which on out of six sulfur-containing amino acids was added (L-cystine, L-djenkolic acid, DL-lanthionine DL-homocystine, L-methionine, or L-methionine-sulfone at a concentration of 5 mM with respect to sulfur content). The addition of these substances did not stimulate the growth and some amino acids (djenkolic acid and particularly methionine and methionine-sulfone) were inhibitory. All tested compounds were utilized during the growth not only as sulfur source but as a source of carbon and nitrogen as well. In four substrates excess sulfur was excreted after oxidation into the medium in the form of sulfate. Small amounts of sulfite were also observed. It usually reacted with remaining disulfides in the medium forming S-sulfo compounds (R-S.SO3H). Cystine and djenkolic acid were oxidized rapidly and completely. In contrast, lanthionine and particularly homocystine were oxidized slowly and only after a longer adaptation. To some extent lanthionine was already oxidized extracellularly in the medium. With methionine and its sulfone, excess sulfur was not removed by oxidation but by demethiolation to methane thiol and further volatile products.

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