Biochimica et biophysica acta

Lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase regulation. Effect of fluidity of dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine vesicles.

PMID 4016106


The regulation of lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase by changes in phospholipid bilayer fluidity was investigated using pyrene excimer fluorescence to measure fluidity. Fluidity of dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC) unilamellar vesicles was decreased by the addition of up to 20% (mol/mol) cholesterol and increased by the addition of up to 10% (mol/mol) lysoDMPC. When both cholesterol and lysoDMPC are present in the bilayer, their individual effects on fluidity are altered. These changes can be explained by complex formation between cholesterol and phospholipid as in the model of Presti et al. (Presti, F.C., Pace, R.J. and Chan, S.I. (1982) Biochemistry 21, 3831-3335). Lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase activity with these vesicles as substrates was measured to determine whether activity can be modulated by the fluidity changes of the bilayer on which the enzyme acts. When 10% lysoDMPC, a known lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase inhibitor, is added to the vesicles, inhibition of activity is observed. When 7.5% lysoDMPC is added to vesicles which contain either 5 or 10% cholesterol, lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase activity increases. This increase in lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase activity due to vesicle-fluidity increase is sufficient to overcome the decrease in activity due to lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase inhibition. This is the first report of the ability of lysoDMPC to increase lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase activity.