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The Journal of biological chemistry

Rapid kinetics of the glucose transporter from human erythrocytes. Detection and measurement of a half-turnover of the purified transporter.


PMID 4039316

Abstract

The stopped flow method combined with fluorescence detection has been employed to study the rapid kinetics of the glucose transporter from human erythrocytes. Upon mixing the purified transporter reconstituted into unsealed membranes of erythrocyte lipids with 4,6-ethylidene D-glucose, a derivative that binds preferentially to the substrate site on the outer domain of the transporter, there was a rapid, first-order decrease in the intrinsic fluorescence of the protein. Three properties of this transient indicate that it represents a half-turnover of the transporter from a conformation with the substrate site facing inward to one with this site facing outward. The first-order rate constant decreased as the concentration of ethylidene glucose was increased; the value of the rate constant for the process is similar to that expected from steady-state kinetic studies of transport in the erythrocyte; and D-glucose at low concentration increased the rate of reaction. This study is the first determination of the kinetics of a half-turnover for a transport system of the facilitated diffusion type. The identification of this step provides direct evidence for the alternating conformation mechanism of transport.

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E32754
4,6-O-Ethylidene-α-D-glucose
C8H14O6