Biochimica et biophysica acta

Specific recognition by the tripeptide lysyl-tryptophyl-alpha-lysine of structural damage induced in DNA by platinum derivatives.

PMID 4040394


The antitumoral derivative cisPt binds to DNA, as do its inactive analogs, trans- and dienPt. Structural damage introduced into DNA after reaction with the Pt derivatives were probed by using the peptide LysTrpLys. This peptide was used for its preferential binding to single-stranded structures (Brun, F., Toulmé, J.J. and Hélène, C. (1975) Biochemistry 14, 558-563). Phosphorescence lifetime measurements show that the Pt-induced heavy atom effects are quite similar in the three peptide-DNA-Pt complexes whatever the nature of the Pt derivative used. In contrast, fluorescence quenching strongly depends on the nature of the Pt derivatives. This quenching was therefore attributed to the stacking interactions engaged by the tryptophan residue with nucleic acid bases. A comparison of fluorescence quenching data for native and modified DNAs demonstrates that modification by dienPt has no effect on stacking interactions and that high levels of modifications by trans Pt are required to observe a change in stacking efficiency. In contrast modification by cis Pt induces the formation of strong stacking sites. The results strongly suggest the existence of locally opened regions in DNA modified by cis Pt.