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Journal of biochemistry

Isolation and characterization of a proteinase from the sarcocarp of melon fruit.


PMID 5423

Abstract

A proteinase from the sarcocarp of melon (Cucumis Melo L. var. Prince) was purified by a three-step procedure involving batch-wise treatment with CM-cellulose fibers, column chromatography on CM-cellulose powder and gel filtration on Sephadex G-75. The final enzyme preparation was homogeneous on acrylamide gel electrophoresis. Its molecular weight was estimated by two different methods to be about 50,000. Anlayses indicated tha presence of 475 amino acid residues and at least 7 moles of hexose. The maximum activity was found in the alkaline pH region against casein as a substrate. The optimum temperature against casein was 70 degrees at pH 7.1. The enzyme was strongly inhibited by diisopropyl fluorophosphate, partly inhibited by HgCl2 and not inhibited by EDTA, p-chloromercuribenzoic acid, N-tosyl-L-lysine chloromethyl ketone, N-tosyl-L-phenylalanine chloromethyl ketone, and soybean trypsin inhibitor. The reduced and carboxymethylated insulin B-chain was cleaved at the peptide bonds of Asn3-Gln4, Cm-Cys7-Gly8, Glu13-Ala14, Leu15-Tyr16, Cm-Cys19-Gly20, Phe25-Tyr26, Pro28-Lys29, and Lys29-Ala30 by the enzyme.