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Applied microbiology

Production of aflatoxin on rice.


PMID 5970829

Abstract

A method has been developed for the production of aflatoxin by growing Aspergillus flavus strain NRRL 2999 on the solid substrate rice. Optimal yields, more than 1 mg of aflatoxin B(1) per g of starting material, were obtained in 5 days at 28 C. A crude product containing aflatoxins was isolated by chloroform extraction and precipitation with hexane from concentrated solutions. The crude product consisted of 50% aflatoxin in the following ratio: B(1)-B(2)-G(1)-G(2), 100:0.15:0.22:0.02. Aflatoxin B(1) was separated from almost all the impurities and from the other aflatoxins by chromatography on silica gel with 1% ethyl alcohol in chloroform. Analytically pure aflatoxin B(1) was recrystallized from chloroform-hexane mixtures.