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Arzneimittel-Forschung

Inhibitory effects of 2-guanidinebenzimidazole and 1-phenylbiguanide on gastric acid secretion in rats.


PMID 6093826

Abstract

In this study 2-guanidinebenzimidazole (GBI) and 1-phenylbiguanide (PBG) appear to be capable of decreasing gastric acid secretion, while the compounds dimethylbiguanide and cyanoguanidine do not. Thus, the antisecretory effect is present when the biguanide groups are associated with lipophilic molecules. GBI and PBG depress gastric acid secretion, even when it has been stimulated by carbamoylcholine (carbachol) or betazole. The antihistamine effects of GBI and PBG on betazole-stimulated gastric acid secretion were confirmed by the inhibitory activity of these compounds on the isolated guinea pig auricle stimulated by histamine. The antimuscarine activity of GBI and PBG on carbachol-stimulated gastric acid secretion in rats is also supported by the way in which these same drugs depress the motility of the duodenum and colon of the anaesthetized cat stimulated by prostigmine. The above mentioned effects of these compounds are also associated with myolytic activity, since they decrease the spontaneous and histamine-stimulated motility of the duodenum and colon. GBI and PBG probably depress gastric acid secretion by interfering with both histamine and acetylcholine receptors and with other sites involved in the secretory process.

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G11802
2-Guanidinobenzimidazole, 95%
C8H9N5