Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

Specific inhibition of renin by an angiotensinogen analog: studies in sodium depletion and renin-dependent hypertension.

PMID 6159648


The angiotensin substrate analog Pro-His-Pro-Phe-His-Phe-Phe-Val-Tyr-Lys has no significant effect on blood pressure in sodium-replete monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) but blocks the pressor response to infused human renin. Pressor responses to angiotensin I and angiotensin II are not attenuated. In five studies in sodium-depleted monkeys, an infusion of 2 mg of the peptide per kg of body weight resulted in a reduction of mean arterial pressure (MAP) from 105 +/- 4 to 79 +/- 3 mm Hg, which is not significantly different from the response to 1 mg of the angiotensin I-converting enzyme inhibitor teprotide per kg. In uninephrectomized monkeys, inflation of a suprarenal aortic cuff caused an increase in MAP from 107 +/- 3 to 131 +/- 3 mm Hg. Infusion of 0.6 mg of the renin-inhibitory peptide per kg was followed by a return of blood pressure to 107 +/- 4 mm Hg--a depressor response similar to that observed with teprotide. This specific in vivo inhibitor of renin can now be applied to a wide variety of physiologic studies.