Journal of neurocytology

Cytochemical staining characteristics of peripheral nodes of Ranvier in hexacarbon intoxication.

PMID 6192221


Changes in the distribution of stainable gap substance and subaxolemmal density at peripheral nodes of Ranvier in hexacarbon-intoxicated rats have been studied by light and electron microscopy. Cupric ion binding to the nodal gap substance was seen in normal nodes as a discrete annulus by the formation with ferrocyanide of Hatchett's Brown reaction product. Staining of osmicated fibres with ferrocyanide ions alone gave a deposit of black reaction product at the subaxolemmal region at nodes of Ranvier. Paranodal distension by neurofilamentous masses and separation of the terminal myelin loops in the early phase of paranodal dilatation produced no change in the distribution of the two kinds of stainable material. Paranodal myelin retraction with increases both in nodal gap width and nodal axon diameter resulted in displacement and attenuation of both stained regions. Axonal protrusion at the nodal region tended only to displace the stained gap substance, but sometimes it resulted in its attenuation. Occasionally loss of subaxolemmal staining was found. The possible functional relevance of these abnormal findings is discussed in relation to changes in conduction in affected nerves.

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