Journal of molecular biology

Immunoelectron microscopic localization of the S19 site on the 30 S ribosomal subunit which is crosslinked to A site bound transfer RNA.

PMID 6198524


Phe-tRNA of Escherichia coli, specifically derivatized at the S4U8 position with the 9 A long p-azidophenacyl photoaffinity probe, was crosslinked exclusively to protein S19 of the 30 S ribosomal subunit when the transfer RNA occupied the ribosomal A site (Lin et al., 1983). Two antigenic sites for S19 are known, on opposite sides of the head of the subunit. In this work, discrimination between these two sites was accomplished by affinity immunoelectron microscopy. A dinitrophenyl group was placed on the acp3U47 residue of the same tRNA molecules bearing the photoprobe on S4U8. Addition of this group affected neither aminoacylation, A site binding, nor crosslinking. It also made possible specific affinity purification of crosslinked tRNA-30 S complexes from unreactive 30 S. Reaction of the 2,4-dinitrophenyl-labeled tRNA-30 S complex with antibody was followed by immunoelectron microscopy to reveal the sites of attachment. All of the bound antibody was associated with the ribosome region corresponding to only one of the two known antigenic sites for S19, namely the one closer to the large side projection of the 30 S subunit. A site within this region must be within 10 A of the S4U8 residue of tRNA when it is bound in the ribosomal A site.