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Microbiology and immunology

Inhibitory effect of 1-beta-D-arabinofuranosylthymine on synthesis of Epstein-Barr virus.


PMID 6268944

Abstract

The effect of 1-beta-D-arabinofuranosylthymine (ara-T) on cell growth and synthesis of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in human lymphoblastoid cell lines was determined. The growth of P3HR-1 cells was not inhibited by 1 microgram of the drug per ml; however, infectious virus production was strongly inhibited and was accompanied by decreased expression of early antigen (EA) and viral capsid antigen (VCA). The ability of 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate or n-butyric acid to induce synthesis of VCA, but not EA, in P3HR-1 cells was inhibited by ara-T. Similarly, VCA synthesis but not EA synthesis was inhibited by ara-T in Jijoye cells superinfected with the P3HR-1 strain of EBV. The results suggest that ara-T has a specific inhibitory action against EBV replication.