In vitro

A test for hormonal responsiveness in a mammary epithelial cell line, NMuMg.

PMID 6290375


The NMuMG cell line derived from normal mouse mammary epithelial cells was tested for responsiveness to hormones. The hormones studied included insulin, glucocorticoids (cortisol and dexamethasone), and prolactin. In addition to membrane bound insulin receptors and prolactin receptors, the cells had 2 X 10(4) cytoplasmic glucocorticoid receptors per cell. Morphological changes were observed in response to hormones. Clusters of cells appeared with greatly increased diameter, and the number of cells per plate was reduced. The rate of DNA synthesis, corrected by cell number, indicates that cell division, and hence cell turnover, was increased by the combination of all three hormones. Insulin greatly enhanced protein synthesis, but glucocorticoid and prolactin did not further increase the rate. The combination of three hormones produced a change in the synthesis of histones, consistent with the increase in cell turnover. There were substantial responses of enzyme activities to hormonal treatment of the cells. Insulin by itself induced a doubling of the activity of glyceraldehyde phosphate dehydrogenase and perhaps a modest increase in NADH-cytochrome c reductase. Lactose synthetase activity showed a three- to fourfold induction of both A and B subunits of the enzyme when the cells were treated with insulin, glucocorticoid, and prolactin, and the effect of the latter two hormones was shown to be additional to that of insulin.

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NMuMG, 94081121