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Zeitschrift fur allgemeine Mikrobiologie

Immobilization of glucose isomerase.


PMID 6299015

Abstract

The immobilization of glucose isomerase (D-xylose ketol isomerase, EC 5.3.1.5) by covalently bonding to various carriers and by adsorption to ion exchange resins was attempted in order to obtain a stable immobilized enzyme which can be used for continuous isomerization of glucose in a column. Of the covalent bonding methods, the colloidal silica-glutaraldehyde method showed the highest binding capacity and gave the most stable immobilized glucose isomerase. The Ludox HS-30 bound glucose isomerase column showed a half-life of 24 days and an enzyme usage of 0.07 units per gram of isomerized sugar (d.s, fructose 45%). Of the resins used, the macromolecular type or porous type strongly basic anion exchange resins showed the highest binding capacity and gave the most stable immobilized glucose isomerase. The Amberlite IRA-904 resine-bound glucose isomerase showed a half-life of 23 days and an enzyme usage of 0.06 units per gram of isomerized sugar (d.s., fructose 45%). Based on the ease of the immobilization process, the possibility of carrier reuse and the extensive use already achieved by ion exchange resins in the sugar industry, IRA-904 resin was selected as the candidate for commercialization.