The Journal of biological chemistry

The catalytic mechanism of bovine intestinal 5'-nucleotide phosphodiesterase. pH and inhibition studies.

PMID 6304065


Extensive kinetic studies of bovine intestinal 5'-nucleotide phosphodiesterase as a function of pH have confirmed and amplified the catalytic mechanism previously proposed on the basis of isolation of a covalent phosphorylated intermediate (Landt, M., and Butler, L.G. (1978) Biochemistry 17, 4130-4135). An enzyme-ionizing group with apparent pKa = 6.85 controls the rate-determining step. Electrostatic interactions between anionic substrate and two or more ionic groups on the enzyme have a major role in substrate binding. Binding of strongly inhibitory 5'-AMP is controlled by an ionizing group, probably on the enzyme, with pKa less than or equal to 5.9. At pH 6.0, imidazole is a classic uncompetitive inhibitor, in agreement with independent evidence that it stabilizes the covalent intermediate form of the enzyme. KI values for phosphonate analogs, which are competitive inhibitors, indicate that phosphodiesterase binds its products and product analogs more strongly than it binds substrate analogs. Some of the results presented here can be interpreted as indicating that 5'-nucleotide phosphodiesterase is the evolutionary precursor of alkaline phosphatase, with which it has many structural and catalytic properties in common, and which is found in relatively large amounts in the same tissue.

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