Hormone and metabolic research = Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung = Hormones et metabolisme

Age-related decrease in sensitivity to glucagon and dibutyryl cyclic AMP inhibition of fatty acid synthesis in hepatocytes isolated from obese female Zucker rats.

PMID 6323293


Hepatocytes were isolated from 3 and 5 month old female genetically obese Zucker rats and their lean littermate controls. An age-dependent loss in sensitivity of fatty acid synthesis to inhibition by both glucagon and dibutyryl cyclic AMP was observed with hepatocytes from the obese rats. Hepatocytes from lean animals were much more sensitive to these agents, regardless of age. Low concentrations of glucagon and dibutyryl cyclic AMP actually produced some stimulation of fatty acid synthesis with hepatocytes prepared from the older obese rats. 5-Tetradecyloxy-2-furoic acid, a compound which inhibits fatty acid synthesis, was a very effective inhibitor of fatty acid synthesis by hepatocytes isolated from all rats used in the study. An inhibition of lactate plus pyruvate accumulation and a strong stimulation of glycogenolysis occurred in response to both glucagon and dibutyryl cyclic AMP with hepatocytes from both age groups of lean and obese rats. The results suggest that with aging of the obese female Zucker rat some step of hepatic fatty acid synthesis becomes progressively less sensitive to inhibition by glucagon and dibutyryl cyclic AMP. This may play an important role in maintenance of obesity in these animals.