Biochimica et biophysica acta

The complete primary structure of phospholipase A2 from human pancreas.

PMID 6349696


The complete amino acid sequence of phospholipase A2 (phosphatide 2-acylhydrolase, EC from human pancreas was determined. The protein consists of a single polypeptide chain of 125 amino acids and has a molecular weight of 14003. The chain is cross-linked by seven disulfide bridges. The main fragmentation of the polypeptide chain was accomplished by digestion of the reduced and thialaminated derivative of the protein with clostripain, yielding three fragments. The largest fragment (residues 7-100) was further degraded both with staphylococcal proteinase and chymotrypsin. The sequence was determined by automated Edman degradation of the intact protein and of several large peptide fragments. Phospholipase A2 from human pancreas contains the same number of amino acids (125) as the enzyme from horse, while the enzymes from pig and ox contain 124 and 123 residues, respectively. The enzymes show a high degree of homology; human phospholipase differs from the other enzymes by substitutions of 26 (porcine), 28 (bovine) and 32 (equine) residues, respectively.