The Journal of biological chemistry

Mammalian tissue trypsin-like enzymes. Comparative reactivities of human skin tryptase, human lung tryptase, and bovine trypsin with peptide 4-nitroanilide and thioester substrates.

PMID 6358206


The subsite specificity of human lung and skin tryptase (trypsin-like enzyme) has been studied at pH 7.5 using 17 amino acid and dipeptide thioester substrates and 14 tripeptide 4-nitroanilide substrates. The reactivity and specificity of the human tryptases were compared with bovine trypsin and other trypsin-like enzymes. Neither tryptase was similar to either kallikrein or factor XIIa (Hageman factor). The skin enzyme was the most reactive as measured by the specificity constant kcat/KM. The best substrate was benzyloxycarbonyl(Z)-Lys-Arg-S-CH2CH(CH3)2 which had a kcat/KM value of 59,000,000 M-1 S-1. Only a single substrate, Z-Glu-Phe-Arg-4-nitroanilide, was slightly more reactive with the lung tryptase. Both enzymes have extended substrate-binding sites and proline residues at P3 substantially decrease kcat/KM. Both enzymes preferred the tripeptide 4-nitroanilides with a P2 Gly residue over Phe, and both favored the substrate Z-Lys-Gly-Arg-4-nitroanilide over similar substrates containing six other representative amino acid residues at P3. The lung enzyme was inhibited over three times faster by p-amidinophenylmethanesulfonyl fluoride than the skin enzyme. The preference of the skin tryptase for substrates with two terminal basic residues indicates that this enzyme could process prohormones and proproteins which contain this structural feature at the cleavage site. The substrates reported in this paper should be useful for the further characterization of the physiologic function of tryptases.

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