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Toxicology

Effect of triphenyltin hydroxide on the immune system of the rat.


PMID 6367147

Abstract

To evaluate the functional significance of triphenyltin hydroxide (TPTH)-induced lymphopenia and lymphocyte depletion in thymus-dependent areas of spleen and lymph nodes, various immune function studies were carried out after 3 or 4 weeks TPTH exposure. Weaned male rats were fed a diet containing 25 mg TPTH/kg, a concentration that did not influence food intake and weight gain. TBTO exposure was continued during the course of the function tests. As parameters of the cell-mediated immunity in 2 experiments the delayed-type hypersensitivity reactions to ovalbumin and tuberculin were significantly suppressed. No effect was observed on allograft rejection, splenic clearance of Listeria monocytogenes at days 5 and 6 after infection, and responsiveness of thymocytes to different T-cell mitogens. In contrast, the response of splenic lymphocytes to the T-cell mitogen phytohaemagglutinin was significantly suppressed. As TPTH treatment reduced the number of spleen cells, mitogenic response calculated per whole spleen was significantly depressed. Regarding the humoral immunity, no effect was observed on serum IgM and IgG levels, on the thymus-independent IgM response to E. coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS), and on the primary and secondary IgM and IgG response to the thymus-dependent antigen tetanus toxoid. Also, no effect was found on phagocytic and killing capacity of macrophages as demonstrated by unaltered splenic clearance of L. monocytogenes at days 1 and 2 after infection. Slightly enhanced mortality of TPTH-treated animals was observed in a L. monocytogenes mortality assay. Finally, TPTH did not increase the susceptibility of rats to endotoxin (LPS).

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