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Journal of biochemistry

Preparation of a monomeric 2,4-dinitrophenyl Fab'-beta-D-galactosidase conjugate for immunoenzymometric assay.


PMID 6442290

Abstract

A method is described for the preparation of a monomeric Fab'-beta-D-galactosidase conjugate, which is required for the development of a sensitive immunoenzymometric assay. Anti-human IgG F(ab')2 was labeled with 2,4-dinitrophenyl groups, split into Fab' by reduction and reacted with excess maleimide groups which had been introduced into beta-D-galactosidase through thiol groups using N,N'-o-phenylenedimaleimide. The monomeric 2,4-dinitrophenyl Fab'-beta-D-galactosidase conjugate was subsequently separated from unconjugated beta-D-galactosidase by affinity chromatography on a column of (anti-2,4-dinitrophenyl) IgG-Sepharose 4B. In the monomeric conjugate preparation, 98% of beta-D-galactosidase activity was associated with Fab' and 90% was associated with specific (anti-human IgG) Fab'. This conjugate allowed the measurement of 0.1 fmol of human IgG by an immunoenzymometric assay technique.

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