The Journal of endocrinology

Evaluation of the biological properties of parathyroid hormone and analogues in a vascularly isolated parotid gland-based assay.

PMID 6481290


Infusion of bovine parathyroid hormone (bPTH) preparations into the arterial blood supply of the vascularly isolated parotid gland in anaesthetized sheep increases salivary phosphate concentration and gland blood flow rate with rapid onset and offset of action. These responses have been used as a bioassay for PTH and PTH analogues and for assessing the properties of an in-vitro inhibitory analogue [Nle-8, Nle-18, Tyr-34]bPTH-(3-34)amide. [Nle-8, Nle-18, Tyr-34]bPTH-(1-34)amide at 10(-9) to 10(-8) mol/l was four to five times more potent than bPTH(1-34) on both salivary phosphate and blood flow assays. Human PTH(1-34) was not significantly more potent than bPTH(1-34). The [Nle-8, Nle-18, Tyr-34]bPTH-(3-34)amide analogue had very slight agonist activity at 3 X 10(-7) mol/l and at a 100:1 ratio of analogue to PTH it completely inhibited the action of bPTH(1-34) on phosphate secretion and gland blood flow. It caused partial inhibition at 10:1 and had no evident effect at 1:1. These results differ from previous in-vitro results and indicate that the preparation may be valuable for evaluation of agonist and antagonist analogues of PTH. The vascularly isolated parotid gland of the sheep permits repeated random testing of analogues in a control-test-control sequence and the results indicate high sensitivity to PTH in a rapidly reactive in-vivo system with two responding parameters.