European journal of biochemistry

Biosynthesis of a disialylated sequence in N-linked oligosaccharides: identification of an N-acetylglucosaminide (alpha 2----6)-sialyltransferase in Golgi apparatus from rat liver.

PMID 6547092


Rat liver Golgi apparatus are shown to have a CMP-N-acetylneuraminate: N-acetylglucosaminide (alpha 2----6)-sialyltransferase which catalyzes the conversion of the human milk oligosaccharide LS-tetrasaccharide-a (NeuAc alpha 2----3Gal beta 1---- 3GlcNAc beta 1----3Gal beta 1----4Glc) to disialyllacto -N- tetraose containing the terminal sequence: (formula: see text) found in N-linked oligosaccharides of glycoproteins. The N-acetylglucosaminide (alpha 2----6)-sialyltransferase has a marked preference for the sequence NeuAc alpha 2----3-Gal beta 1---- 3GlcNAc as an acceptor substrate. Thus, the order of addition of the two sialic acids in the disialylated structure shown above is proposed to be first the terminal sialic acid in the NeuAc alpha 2----3Gal linkage followed by the internal sialic acid in the NeuAc alpha 2---- 6GlcNAc linkage. Sialylation in vitro of the type 1 branches (Gal beta 1---- 3GlcNAc -) of the N-linked oligosaccharides of asialo prothrombin to produce the same disialylated sequence is also demonstrated.