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Experimental cell research

Partial elimination of G1 and G2 periods in higher plant cells by increasing the S period.


PMID 6628558

Abstract

Meristematic cells from Allium cepa L roots can attain a steady-state of growth at both 15 and 25 degrees C in the presence of drugs, hydroxyurea and 5-amino-uracil, which reduce the rate of DNA synthesis. These drugs, at used concentrations, significantly lengthen the S period without altering the cell growth rate, as indicated by the maintenance of the generation time. It has been observed that steady-state populations respond to a gradual increase in S by a reduction of G2 until a minimum value; with larger lengthening of S, both G1 and G2 are reduced. Natural synchronous populations have been used to study cell cycle parameters during transition from the physiological steady-state to the new one created by the presence of the drug. G2 (but not G1) is reduced during transition even in the presence of maximum drug concentrations that do not alter the cell growth rate. Both the S period and the division time are lengthened during transition. These observations support the concept that certain fractions of G1 and G2 are expendable, because they have no role in the DNA-division sequence of cell cycle events. We conclude that cell size regulates the length of these fractions by means of a negative correlation.

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