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Journal of steroid biochemistry

Novel transformations of i-cholesterol and 6 beta-methoxy-i-cholesterol by Moraxella sp.


PMID 6645481

Abstract

A soil microorganism was isolated by the enrichment culture technique using cholesterol as the sole source of carbon. The organism has been identified as belonging to the genus Moraxella. With this organism two novel biotransformations of sterols were observed viz. (1) isomerization of 3 alpha,5 alpha-cyclocholestan-6 beta-ol (i-cholesterol) to cholesterol, (2) demethylation of 6 beta-methoxy-3 alpha,5 alpha-cyclocholestane (6 beta-methoxy-i-cholesterol) to i-cholesterol with subsequent isomerization to cholesterol. The enzymes responsible for these transformations were shown to be inducible. The pH optimum of the partially purified i-cholesterol isomerase was found to be 8.4. The apparent Km value for i-cholesterol was 1.43 microM. A plausible mechanism for the i-cholesterol isomerization has been discussed.

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C0879
i-Cholesteryl methyl ether, ~95%
C28H48O