Revista espanola de fisiologia

[Acute toxicity and hematological and serum changes caused by various cobalt salts in rats].

PMID 6658144


The acute toxicities of chloride, acetate, cobalt nitrate and cobalt sulphate (II) were investigated in rats. The values obtained for the LD50 (7 days) were 133, 194, 198 and 279 mg of Co/kg respectively, when the salts were given orally. The values for intraperitoneal administration were 10.6, 8.8, 8.3 and 11.5 mg of Co/kg. The majority of deaths occurred during the first 48 hours. The physical and clinical signs appearing after the intoxication disappeared for the most part after the first 72 hours. Also, the effect produced by chloride and cobalt acetate (II) given orally and intraperitoneally, in some hematological parameters and serum parameters during the first 24 hours after intoxications, has been studied at several doses. A noteworthy increase was observed in the hemoglobin and hematocrit as well as in the plasma proteins. There was significant hyperglycemia and also significant changes in the lipid parameters such as triglycerides and cholesterol. The duration and degree of the change depended on the dose. As a general rule, no significant differences were registered between the results obtained for the two salts.