Journal de pharmacologie

[Toxicity and pharmacokinetics of zirconium oxychloride in mice and rats].

PMID 6672464


The experimental toxicity of zirconium compounds is examined in the Mouse (acute toxicity) and in the Rat (short time toxicity). The absorption, the distribution and the elimination of zirconium are evaluated by zirconium cation assay in some biological fluids and tissues. After a single oral dose, zirconium oxyd is not toxic, zirconium oxychlorure slightly toxic and zirconium chlorure moderately toxic. At certain concentrations, cerebral and pulmonary disorders are observed, particularly with zirconium chlorure. In considering molar toxicity, the studied zirconium compounds are more toxic than certain aluminium salts mentioned in the literature. The zirconium oxychlorure doesn't influence the growth curve after iterative administrations (0.23 g zirconium/kg/day). Only a weak fraction of administered zirconium is absorbed and is electively fixed in the ovaries, in a lesser degree in the lung and the bone. In the ovary the zirconium induces vascular variation (hypervascularization) which appear one month after the end of the treatment. The absorbed zirconium is eliminated by the urinary tract. The fecal elimination can be essentially explained by an important quantity of non absorbed zirconium.