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Chemico-biological interactions

Antitumor effects of rhodium(I), iridium(I) and ruthenium(II) complexes in comparison with cis-dichlorodiammino platinum(II) in mice bearing Lewis lung carcinoma.


PMID 6683595

Abstract

The effects of square planar rhodium, [RhacacCOD]o and iridium, [IracacCOD]o complexes and of octahedral ruthenium, [cis-RuCl2 (DMSO)4]o complex have been examined in comparison with cis-dichlorodiammino platinum(II) (cis-PDD). The toxicity in BDF1 mice varies widely and decreasing LD50-values, ranging from 0.94 mg/kg to 1000 mg/kg, have been obtained for cis-PDD, [RhacacCOD]o, [IracacCOD]o and [cis-RuCl2(DMSO)4]o, respectively. All the tested complexes similarly inhibit the growth of subcutaneous Lewis lung carcinoma and the development of spontaneous as well as of artificial metastases, with the exception of [IracacCOD]o which is inactive on metastases. The antitumor activity of [RhacacCOD]o and [cis-RuCl2(DMSO)4]o appears interesting, since it is of the same magnitude as that of cis-PDD, considering also that they were found to be only marginally nephrotoxic.