Journal of neurocytology

Distortions of the nodes of Ranvier from axonal distension by filamentous masses in hexacarbon intoxication.

PMID 6683751


A study has been made of the structural changes of nodal and paranodal regions of the nodes of Ranvier of peripheral nerves of rats in which marked accumulations of neurofilaments have occurred within axons under the influence of 2,5-hexanediol over 10 weeks. The neurofilamentous masses caused distension of the axon at two points of apparent weakness as they attempted to slide through the axonal constriction at the nodes. Principally, a spiral axonal protrusion pushed into the zone of unattached myelin loops in the proximal paranodal spinous bracelet of Nageotte. This led to a conical widening of the paranodal constriction and considerable attenuation of the overlying myelin. No degeneration of the myelin occurred however. Alternatively, or additionally, a protrusion occurred of the axon at the nodal region which increased the nodal gap width and occasionally compressed and displaced the adjacent distal paranodal constriction which could have led to some obstruction of axoplasmic flow. Swelling of distal paranodal regions occurred later and was usually associated with proximal swelling. It was also accompanied by evidence suggesting transnodal passage of filamentous material. Sometimes, however, striking nodal constriction occurred in association with symmetrical paranodal swelling. These observations suggest that the spiral glial-axonal relationships at nodes of Ranvier are capable of marked deformation that might allow the intra-axonal neurofilamentous masses to move distally. These findings are discussed in relation to the structural features of the paranodal constrictions.

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2,5-Hexanediol, 99% (mixture of isomers)