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The Journal of biological chemistry

Specific inactivation of hepatic fatty acid hydroxylases by acetylenic fatty acids.


PMID 6706995

Abstract

The terminal acetylenic analogue of lauric acid, 11-dodecynoic acid (11-DDYA), specifically inactivates hepatic cytochrome P-450 enzymes that catalyze omega- and omega-1-hydroxylation of lauric acid. The inactivation, as required for a suicidal process, is NADPH- and time-dependent and follows pseudo-first order kinetics. In contrast, 11-DDYA causes no measurable change in the spectroscopically-measured concentration of cytochrome P-450 or in the N-demethylation of benzphetamine or N-methyl p-chloroaniline. 10-Undecynoic acid is as effective a suicide substrate for fatty acid hydroxylases as 11-DDYA but 11-dodecenoic acid is much less effective. 11-DDYA is able to completely inhibit omega-hydroxylation but suppresses no more than 50% of omega-1-hydroxylation despite the fact that both activities are completely inactivated by 1-aminobenzotriazole. At least three hepatic cytochrome P-450 fatty acid hydroxylases, one omega-hydroxylase and two omega-1-hydroxylases, are required by these results. The construction of suicide substrates that specifically inactivate cytochrome P-450 fatty acid hydroxylases provides a new experimental probe of the physiological role of this process.

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406546
10-Undecynoic acid, 95%
C11H18O2