Microsomal cytochrome P-450 from neonatal pig testis: two enzymatic activities (17 alpha-hydroxylase and c17,20-lyase) associated with one protein.

PMID 6793062


Studies have been performed to test the hypothesis that cytochrome P-450 from testicular microsomes consists of a single protein with two enzymatic activities (17 alpha-hydroxylase and C17,20-lyase). Three lines of evidence to support the hypothesis were obtained. (1) The enzyme appears to be homogeneous by immunochemical criteria with anti-P-450 IgG (line of identity on immunodiffusion and a single band on immunoelectrophoresis), by demonstration of a single NH2-terminal amino acid (methionine) and the finding of 16 single amino acids at the NH2 terminus. (2) Optima for pH and temperature are the same for both enzymatic activities (pH 7.25 and 37 degrees C), and temperatures between 30 and 44 degrees C decreased both activities in such a way that the ratio of hydroxylase to lyase was the same at all temperatures tested. (3) A variety of inhibitors affect both activities to the same extent: Ki values for two competitive inhibitors (SU 8000, 0.04 microM; SU 10603, 0.3 microM) are the same for hydroxylase and lyase; partition coefficients for inhibition by carbon monoxide are similar for hydroxylase and lyase (20 +/- 2 and 27 +/- 3); anti-P-450 (serum and IgG) causes inhibition of both activities to the same extent, and the same is true of a variety of less specific inhibitors. It is concluded that a single heme protein (cytochrome P-450) from microsomes of neonatal pig testis catalyzes two reactions (hydroxylase and lyase) which are sequential steps in the synthesis of androgens by the testis leading to conversion of C21 precursors to C19 steroid hormones.