The Journal of biological chemistry

The purification and characterization of a proline dipeptidase from guinea pig brain.

PMID 6853481


A proline dipeptidase (EC from guinea pig brain was purified to over 90% homogeneity by a combination of ammonium sulfate fractionation, DEAE-cellulose chromatography, calcium phosphate-cellulose chromatography, chromatofocusing, and gel filtration on Sephadex G-200. A purification factor of 2718-fold was obtained with a yield of 7%. The purified enzyme was found to have an apparent molecular weight of 132,000 and to consist of two dissimilar subunits of molecular weights 64,000 and 68,000. The substrate specificity of the enzyme is not that of a strict proline dipeptidase. Although it preferentially hydrolyzes proline dipeptides (Leu-Pro) it also hydrolyzes prolyl dipeptides (Pro-Leu) and dipeptides not containing proline (Leu-Leu). The purified enzyme preparation exhibited weak aminoacylproline aminopeptidase activity against Arg-Pro-Pro but it did not exhibit any post-proline dipeptidyl aminopeptidase, post-proline cleaving endopeptidase, proline iminopeptidase, prolyl carboxypeptidase or carboxypeptidase P activities when tested with a large variety of peptides and arylamides. With all of the proline and prolyl dipeptides examined the enzyme exhibited biphasic kinetics (two distinct slopes on Lineweaver-Burk plots). However, with Leu-Leu as substrate normal Michaelis-Menten kinetics were obeyed.

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