The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics

Effects of ring fluorination on the cardiovascular actions of dopamine and norepinephrine in the dog.

PMID 6894165


The 2-, 5- and 6-fluoro (F) analogs of dopamine (DA) and (+/-)-norepinephrine (NE) were compared with the respective parent molecules for alpha, beta-1 and beta-2 adrenergic and vascular DA activities in pentobarbital-anesthetized dogs. 2-F and 5-F DA were equipotent while 6-F DA was about 4-fold less active than DA in causing renal vasodilation in phenoxybenzamine pretreated dogs (vascular DA activity). The three analogs were indistinguishable from DA for vasoconstrictor activity in the femoral vascular bed (alpha adrenergic activity). 2-F and 6-F DA were equipotent to DA while 5-F was about 2-fold more active than DA in inotropic activity (beta-1 adrenergic activity). In contrast, F NE analogs showed marked differential activities. 2-F NE resembled isoproterenol in increasing cardiac contractility, lowering diastolic blood pressure and causing vasodilation in the femoral vascular bed. The 5-F analog was the most potent for (beta-1 adrenergic activity and produced biphasic effects on blood pressure and the femoral vascular bed. 6-F NE exerted no inotropic activity in dose 50- to 80-fold higher than the threshold dose of l-NE and caused vasoconstriction. Thus, fluorine substitution in either of the three positions in the benzene ring of DA induced only minor, if any, differences in receptor activation when compared with DA. On the other hand, fluorine substitution in the benzene ring of NE yielded compounds with marked differential receptor activity. These data indicate that the differences between the effects of F substitution on DA and NE analogs must be related to the only structural difference between the two catecholamines, the presence of a beta-hydroxyl group in NE.