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Biochimica et biophysica acta

Purification and characterization of the elastase-like enzyme of the bovine granulocyte.


PMID 6903450

Abstract

The extracts of granules isolated from bovine granulocytes show elastase- and chymotrypsin-like activities, as detected with specific synthetic substrates. Extraction of these enzymes depends upon salt concentration. In the course of the present studies a 21-fold purification of the elastase-like enzyme was achieved on a (Ala)3-CH-Sepharose 4B gel. The molecular weight of the enzyme is 33 000, as determined by gel electrophoresis in the presence of sodium dodecyl sulfate. The elastase-like activity is inhibited by phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride, soybean trypsin inhibitor, basic pancreatic inhibitor and by heparin at different rates. Elastatinal inhibits the enzyme competitively (Ki = 80 microM). The cytosol of bovine granulocytes contains a protein which strongly inhibits the elastase-like enzyme of the bovine granulocyte (Ki = 0.4 nM) as well as porcine pancreatic elastase (Ki = 11 nM).

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E0881
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