Journal of medicinal chemistry

Absolute stereochemistry and dopaminergic activity of enantiomers of 2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-7,8-dihydroxy-1-phenyl-1H-3-benzazepine.

PMID 6980283


Resolution of the unique dopamine receptor agonist 2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-7,8-dihydroxy-1-phenyl-1H-3-benzazepine (1) was achieved by a stereospecific multistep conversion of the readily separated enantiomers of its O,O,N-trimethylated precursor 2. The absolute stereochemistry of the antipodes of 2-MeI was determined by single-crystal X-ray diffractometric analysis, thus permitting assignment of the configuration of stereospecifically related 1, as well as that of the synthetic intermediates. High-performance liquid chromatography of diastereoisomeric derivatives was utilized to determine the enantiomeric excess of the R (greater than 97%) and S (greater than 89%) isomers of 1. Examination of the isomers in several in vitro and in vivo tests for both central and peripheral dopaminergic activity revealed that activity resided almost exclusively in the R isomer. The results suggest that the properly oriented 1-phenyl substituent of 1 is important for dopamine-like activity; it may contribute to receptor binding by interaction with a chirally defined accessory site. Configurational and conformational requirements for receptor binding of 1 are considered in relationship to previously described dopaminergic agents. These studies, in accord with previous suggestions, indicate that (R)-1 interacts with dopamine receptors in a conformation in which the catecholic hydroxyls and basic nitrogen are at least nearly maximally separated.

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