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Journal of environmental science and health. Part. B, Pesticides, food contaminants, and agricultural wastes

Persistence of isofenphos and isazophos in a mineral and an organic soil.


PMID 7108145

Abstract

Isofenphos (Amaze (R), Oftanol (R), BAY 92114, 1-methylethyl 2- [[ethoxy [(1-methylethyl)amino] phosphinothioyl] oxy] benzoate) (20% granular) and isazophos (Miral (R), CGA 12223, 0,0-diethyl 0- [1-isopropyl-5-chloro-1,2,4-triazolyl(3)] phosphorothioate) (50% emulsifiable concentrate) were applied at 3.4 Kg AI/ha and incorporated into sand and muck soil contained in small field plots. Soil samples were taken at intervals, extending over 2 yr in the case of isofenphos. Radishes and carrots served as indicator crops for absorption of insecticides. Soil and crop samples were extracted and analyzed for the insecticides by glc. Isazophos residues in soil declined rapidly with ca. 50% of the initial applications remaining after 2 and 5 wk in the sand and muck respectively, and less than 1 and 3% after 1 yr. Isofenphos residues declined slowly with ca. 50% of the initial application remaining at 12 wk in both soil types. Residues of isofenphos after 1 yr were 15 and 45% of the initial application to sand and muck, respectively, and after 2 yr they had declined to 4 and 14%, respectively. Residues of both materials in radishes and carrots generally did not exceed 0.04 ppm except for carrots grown the first yr in isofenphos treated sand, where 0.25 ppm was found.

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