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Antibiotiki

[Effect of carbonyl-conjugated pentaene-group antibiotics on the oxygen absorption rate of a thymocyte suspension].


PMID 7149692

Abstract

When used in concentrations of 10-15 micrograms per 10(8) cells, flavofungin and nigrofungin, carbonyl-conjugated pentaenes lowered the rate of oxygen absorption by thymocyte suspensions in the presence of glucose. Flavopentin inhibited glucose oxidation in higher concentrations. ADP and succinate did not penetrate through the thymocyte membranes and were not oxidized with the cell suspensions. In concentrations of 30 micrograms per 10(8) cells the pentaenes did not change the membrane permeability for ADP. Still, they induced oxidation of succinate by the thymocytes (in the presence of amital). Flavofungin and nigrofungin were more effective with respect to increasing the membrane permeability for succinate as compared to flavopentin. The differences in the membrane permeability for various substrates induced by the antibiotics indicated a definite specific nature of the impairment of the thymocyte cytoplasmic membranes by carbonyl-conjugated pentaenes. The antibiotics tested are very similar as to their chemical structure and physicochemical properties. It is suggested that the differences in the biological activity of these substances are not associated with the presence of definite functional groups but are due to the general configuration of the antibiotic molecules, determining their hydrophilic-lipophilic balance and capacity for interaction with the biological membranes.

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