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Biochimica et biophysica acta

On the mechanism of action of polyether XXVIII at site I of the electron-transfer chain in rat liver mitochondria.


PMID 7295711

Abstract

In rat liver mitochondria, the macrocyclic polyether, dibenzo-18-crown-6 (polyether XXVIII) inhibits the oxidation of NAD-dependent substrates, as stimulated by ADP, uncouplers and valinomycin plus K+. It does not inhibit the oxidation of succinate. It is concluded that polyether XXVIII inhibits electron transfer in the NADH-CoQ span of respiratory chain. This is a process that is reversed by menadione. Inhibition of oxidation of NAD-dependent substrates in K+-depleted mitochondria induced by the polyether is reversed by concentrations of K+ higher than 60 mM, and also by Li+, a cation that does not complex with polyether XXVIII. As assayed by swelling mitochondria, reversal of the inhibition of electron transfer is accompanied by influx of monovalent cations. Polyether XXVIII also inhibits in submitochondrial particles the aerobic oxidation of NADH, but not that of succinate; this inhibition is also reversed by K+ at high concentrations, and Li+. The data are consistent with the hypothesis that a monovalent cation is required for maximal rates of electron transport in the NADH-CoQ span of the respiratory chain.

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