European journal of biochemistry

Metal ion/buffer interactions. Stability of binary and ternary complexes containing 2-[bis(2-hydroxyethyl)amino]-2(hydroxymethyl)-1,3-propanediol (Bistris) and adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP).

PMID 7398653


The acidity constant of protonated 2-[bis(2-hydroxyethyl)amino]-2(hydroxymethyl)-1,3-propanediol (Bistris) has been measured. The influence of hydroxo groups on the basicity of Bistris and related bases is discussed. The interaction of Bistris with the metal ions (M2+) Mg2+, Ca2+, Sr2+, Ba2+, Mn2+, Co2+, Ni2+, Cu2+, Zn2+, Cd2+, and Pb2+ was studied by potentiometry and spectrophotometry in aqueous solution (I = 1.0 M, KNO3; 25 degrees C) and the stability constants of the M(Bistris)2+ complexes were determined. Unexpectedly Ca(Bistris)2+ is the most stable among the alkaline earth ion complexes (log KCaCa(Bistris) = 2.25; the corresponding values for the Mg2+, Sr2+ and Ba2+ complexes are 0.34, 1.44 and 0.85, respectively). The ions of the 3d series follow the Irving-Williams sequence: log KMnMn(Bistris) = 0.70, for Cu2+, 5.27 and Zn2+ 2.38. Ternary complexes containing ATP4- as a second ligand were also investigated: the values for delta log KM (= log KM(ATP)M(ATP)(Bistris) -log KMM(Bistris) are in general negative (e.g. delta log KCa = -0.40 or delta log KCu = -1.65), thus indicating that the interaction of Bistris with M(ATP)2- is somewhat less pronounced tan with M2+. However, even in mixed-ligand systems, complex formation may still be considerable, hence great reservations should be exercised in employing Bistris as a buffer in systems containing metal ions. Moreover, in several cases delta log KM is relatively high [for Mg2+-ATP4- -Bistris even positive], indicating some cooperativity between the coordinated ligands, possibly hydrogen-bond formation. Distributions of the complexes in dependence on pH are given, and the structures of the binary M(Bistris)2+ and the ternary M(ATP) (Bistris)2- complexes are discussed. The participation of Bistris hydroxo groups in complex formation is evident.