Leukotriene C4-stimulated contractions in bullfrog lung are affected by cold acclimation and calcium antagonists.

PMID 7480797


Leukotriene C4 (LTC4) contracts isolated bullfrog lung. This study examined effects of cold-acclimation and the involvement of extracellular and intracellular Ca++ on the contractile response to LTC4. The response to LTC4 was greater in lungs from warm-acclimated (22 degrees C) frogs compared with cold-acclimated (5 degrees C) frogs at incubation temperatures of both 22 degrees C and 5 degrees C. LTC4, LTC5, and N-methyl LTC4 were equally effective in stimulating lung contraction at concentrations from 1-100 nM. Nicardipine (3 microM) partially antagonized the response to LTC4, but verapamil, nifedipine, or nitrendipine at the same concentration was ineffective. Ethylene glycol tetraacetic acid (EGTA, 0.3 mM) prevented the response to 30 nM LTC4, but the response was restored when the lung was retested in EGTA-free medium containing Ca++, suggesting that extracellular Ca++ was involved in the response. Caffeine (10 mM) or thapsigargin (1 mM) inhibited the responses to LTC4, suggesting a role for intracellular Ca++ in the contraction.