Biological & pharmaceutical bulletin

Antihypertensive effect of sesamin. I. Protection against deoxycorticosterone acetate-salt-induced hypertension and cardiovascular hypertrophy.

PMID 7581242


We investigated the antihypertensive effect of sesamin, a lignan from sesame oil, using deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-salt hypertensive rats. The animals were unilaterally nephrectomized, and then separated into a sham-operated group (sham group) and a DOCA-salt-treated group. The latter was further separated into a normal diet group (control group) and a sesamin-containing diet group (sesamin group). The systolic blood pressure of control group progressively increased in comparison with that of sham group. This DOCA-salt-induced hypertension was markedly suppressed by feeding a sesamin-containing diet. Systolic blood pressure after 5 weeks was 130.6 +/- 1.9 mmHg in the sham group, 198.1 +/- 7.3 mmHg in the control group and 152.5 +/- 8.4 mmHg in the sesamin group, respectively. The treatment with DOCA and salt for 5 weeks significantly increased the weight of the left ventricle plus the septum. However, this increase was significantly suppressed in the sesamin group. When the degree of vascular hypertrophy of the aorta and superior mesenteric artery was histochemically evaluated, there were significant increases in wall thickness, wall area and the wall-to-lumen ratio in the control group, compared with the sham. Sesamin feeding ameliorated the development of DOCA-salt-induced vascular hypertrophy in both the aorta and mesenteric artery. These findings strongly suggest that sesamin is useful as a prophylactic treatment in the development of hypertension and cardiovascular hypertrophy.

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Sesamin, ≥95%, crystalline