Brain research bulletin

Anorexic action of a new potential neuropeptide Y antagonist [D-Tyr27,36, D-Thr32]-NPY (27-36) infused into the hypothalamus of the rat.

PMID 7627566


Neuropeptide Y (NPY) produces a vigorous feeding response in several species when it is injected into hypothalamic structures involved in eating behavior. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a unique carboxy terminal fragment of NPY would alter the pattern of eating induced in the rat either by NPY injected into the hypothalamus or by a 24-h period of food deprivation. In this case, two L-tyrosine residues and one L-threonine residue of the NPY27-36 fragment were transformed to their D-conformation to produce [D-Tyr27,36,D-Thr32]-NPY (27-36), i.e., D-NPY27-36. Guide cannulae for microinjection were implanted stereotaxically just dorsal to the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) or ventromedial hypothalamus (VMH) of 24 adult male Sprague-Dawley rats. Following postoperative recovery, a microinjection of artificial CSF or 1.1 microgram or 3.3 micrograms of a peptide was made directly into the PVN or VMH as follows: native NPY; D-NPY27-36; or [L-Tyr27,36, L-Thr32]-NPY (27-36), i.e., L-NPY27-36. Food intakes were measured at intervals of 0.25, 0.5, 1.1, 2.0, 4.0, and 24 h. When D-NPY27-36 was microinjected at NPY reactive sites in the PVN or VMH of the rat 15 min before a similar microinjection of NPY, the intense eating response induced by the peptide was reduced significantly. Not only was the effect dose dependent, but D-NPY27-36 also augmented the latency to feed. A mixture of the two doses of NPY and D-NPY27-36 injected at the same hypothalamic loci did not attenuate the intake of food but tended to enhance the feeding response in the rats.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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[D-Tyr27,36, D-Thr32]-Neuropeptide Y fragment 27-36, rat, >97%, lyophilized powder