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Cardiologia (Rome, Italy)

A new class of therapeutic agents: the angiotensin II receptor antagonists.


PMID 7634303

Abstract

Angiotensin II (Ang II) is the primary mediator of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS). Inappropriate control of the RAS is critically involved in the development and maintenance of hypertension and congestive heart failure. The actions of Ang II are thought to be mediated by specific surface receptors on the various target organs. At present, two receptors for Ang II have been firmly established in mammals, including man. According to current nomenclature, losartan represents the prototype antagonist of the Ang II type 1 (AT1) receptor and does not possess significant affinity for the so-called AT2 receptor. Losartan is the first of a new class of orally active, nonpeptide Ang II receptor antagonists able to very specifically and selectively inhibit the RAS while lacking the agonistic effects of the peptide receptor antagonists, e.g. sarlasin, or the bradykinin potentiating effects of the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. Virtually all of the known actions of Ang II, e.g. those defined by Ang II itself, saralasin, ACE or renin-inhibitors are blocked by losartan, emphasizing the major role of this distinct Ang II receptor subtype in mediating the responses of Ang II. The functional correlate of the AT2 receptor remains poorly understood. In several models of experimental and genetic hypertension, AT1 receptor antagonists are effective antihypertensive agents with similar efficacy to that of ACE and renin-inhibitors. In animal models of renal disease, AT1 receptor antagonists significantly decrease proteinuria, protect against diabetic glomerulopathy and increase survival in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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A2275
[Sar1, Val5, Ala8]-Angiotensin II acetate salt hydrate, ≥97% (HPLC), powder
C42H65N13O10 · xC2H4O2 · yH2O