European journal of biochemistry

Recombinant production and biological properties of rat cytokine-induced neutrophil chemoattractants, GRO/CINC-2 alpha, CINC-2 beta and CINC-3.

PMID 7635142


Recently we found four cytokine-induced neutrophil chemoattractants, CINC-1, CINC-2 alpha, CINC-2 beta and CINC-3/macrophage inflammatory protein 2 (MIP-2), in conditioned medium of granulation tissue obtained from carrageenin-induced inflammation in rats [Nakagawa, H., Komorita, N., Shibata, F., Ikesue, A., Konishi, K., Fujioka, M. & Kato, H. (1994) Biochem. J. 301, 545-550]. In the present report, we describe recombinant production of CINC-2 alpha, CINC-2 beta and CINC-3 in Escherichia coli, and biological properties of these chemokines. Neutrophil chemotactic activities of CINC-2 alpha and 2 beta in vitro were the same as the activity of CINC-1. CINC-3 had an activity comparable to other CINCs, but showed a decrease at high concentrations. Stimulation of neutrophils with CINCs induced an increase in intracellular [Ca2+] dose-dependently. CINC-3 was more potent than the other CINCs and still induced an increase in intracellular [Ca2+] in rat neutrophils stimulated first with other CINCs. CINC-2 alpha, CINC-2 beta and CINC-3 induced a comparable response to CINC-1 in the release of cathepsin G from rat neutrophils. Injection of CINC-2 alpha, 2 beta and 3 into preformed air-pouch on the back of rat induced infiltration of neutrophils to an extent similar to that caused by the injection of CINC-1. These data indicate CINC-2 alpha, 2 beta and 3 as well as CINC-1 are chemoattractants specific for neutrophil in vivo.

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