Biochemical and biophysical research communications

Chemical synthesis, structural and functional characterisation of noxiustoxin, a powerful blocker of lymphocyte voltage-dependent K+ channels.

PMID 7654252


Two forms of the Centrudoides noxius scorpion noxiustoxin, containing an amidated and an acid C-terminus, were synthesized on a solid support by using Fmoc-chemistry and 2-(1H-benzotriazol-1-yl)-1,1,3,3-tetramethyluronium hexafluorophosphate (HBTU) coupling. Comparison of the two synthetic forms with the native toxin by tryptic mapping and CD spectroscopy shows that noxiustoxin possesses an amidated C-terminus and the same fold as all short scorpion toxins. Patch-clamp assays on B lymphocytes demonstrate that noxiustoxin inhibits the voltage-dependent K+ channels with 2 nM affinity, but does not affect the Ca(2+)-activated K+ channels. This toxin, because of its high affinity and specificity for voltage-gated K+ channel, may provide a powerful tool in the investigation of the role(s) of these channels in the T and B lymphocyte activation and proliferation.

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