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Regulatory peptides

The antidiuretic effect of pneumadin requires a functional arginine vasopressin system.


PMID 7659786

Abstract

Pneumadin is an antidiuretic decapeptide, recently isolated from rat and human lung. Bolus intravenous injection of 5 nmol of pneumadin into water-loaded rats caused a rapid and significant antidiuresis and a reduction in Na+ and Cl- excretion. Pneumadin administration did not alter mean arterial pressure, right atrial pressure, heart rate or haematocrit. Bolus intravenous injection of 20 nmol of pneumadin into non-water-loaded rats caused a significant increase in arginine vasopressin (AVP) within 10 min. Pneumadin administration also increased circulating atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) but did not alter aldosterone or plasma renin activity levels. Injection of pneumadin into water-loaded Brattleboro rats, which genetically lack circulating AVP, did not change urine flow, confirming that the pneumadin induced antidiuresis is AVP dependent. Radioactive pneumadin was cleared from the circulation with a t1/2 beta of 480.3 s. Radioactive pneumadin, isolated from plasma, eluted at an altered position on reverse phase HPLC, which indicated that the peptide was modified in vivo. This modification was also observed when synthetic pneumadin was incubated in rat plasma in vitro. Purification and sequencing of the modified synthetic peptide indicated that the modification is not a proteolytic cleavage. These results indicate that pneumadin injected into the rat caused an antidiuresis by altering circulating AVP levels.