The Journal of dermatology

Production and secretion of platelet-derived growth factor AB by cultured human keratinocytes: regulatory effects of phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate, etretinate, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3, and several cytokines.

PMID 7673548


Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) is a potent mitogen for several mesenchymal cells and plays an important role in wound repair. Three PDGF isoforms, PDGF-AA, PDGF-BB, and PDGF-AB, have been found to be generated in various tissues. PDGF-AB production by normal human keratinocytes (NHKs), by human squamous cell carcinoma cell line (HSC-1) cells, and by human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs) was studied in the presence of agents which influence cell growth. Both NHKs and HSC-1 cells spontaneously produced and secreted PDGF-AB. NHKs grown in keratinocyte growth medium produced more PDGF-AB than did those grown in keratinocyte basic medium. Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate inhibited PDGF-AB production in NHKs but promoted its production in HSC-1 cells. 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 up-regulated PDGF-AB production, whereas etretinate did not. High levels of calcium in the culture medium induced little change in cellular PDGF-AB levels. Prostaglandin E1 slightly inhibited PDGF-AB production, transforming growth factor beta 1 promoted PDGF-AB production and interferon-gamma, interleukin-1 alpha, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha failed to exert any influence at all. Cultured HDFs did not produce any detectable PDGF-AB. These results suggest that keratinocytes are a major source of cutaneous PDGF and that this factor may therefore play an important role in wound repair and in certain proliferative skin diseases.

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(23R)-23,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3, ≥99.0% (HPLC)