Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's archives of pharmacology

5-HT4 receptor mediated stimulation of gastric emptying in rats.

PMID 7675116


It is well documented that certain substituted benzamides, such as cisapride, and benzimidazolones, such as BIMU 8, enhance gastric emptying in rats. As these compounds possess 5-HT3 antagonistic and 5-HT4 agonistic properties, the precise mechanisms (5-HT3 or 5-HT4) underlying their gastroprokinetic effects is still unclear. In the present study, we used SC 49518 (a benzamide and selective 5-HT4 receptor agonist) and two selective 5-HT4 receptor antagonists (RS 23597-190 and SB 204070) to elucidate the role of 5-HT4 receptors in gastroprokinesis. SC 49518 (1-316 micrograms/kg; ip) produced significant and dose-dependent stimulation of gastric emptying in rats (ED50 = 2.3 micrograms/kg; ip). SC 49518 also produced dose-dependent inhibition of bradycardia induced by 2-methyl 5-HT (von Bezold-Jarisch reflex) but with a 156 fold lower potency (ID50 = 0.36 mg/kg; ip). The gastroprokinetic effects of SC 49518 (3-316 micrograms/kg; ip) were significantly antagonized by the selective 5-HT4 receptor antagonist RS 23597-190 (0.1 mg/kg/min; iv). SB 204070 (0.003-1 mg/kg; ip), another selective 5-HT4 receptor antagonist, produced dose-dependent inhibition of the gastroprokinetic effects of SC 49518 (10 micrograms/kg; ip), the inhibition attaining statistical significance at the dose of 0.1 mg/kg; ip. RS 23597-190 had no effects on gastric emptying per se whereas SB 204070 significantly increased gastric emptying by itself at 1 mg/kg; ip but not at 0.1 mg/kg; ip. These findings show, for the first time, that SC 49518, a selective 5-HT4 receptor agonist, produces potent stimulation of gastric emptying in rats via a mechanism involving activation of 5-HT4 receptors.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)