European journal of pharmacology

Use of non-peptide tachykinin receptor antagonists to substantiate the involvement of NK1 and NK2 receptors in a spinal nociceptive reflex in the rat.

PMID 7682180


Non-peptide antagonists of the NK1 and NK2 receptors were tested as inhibitors of the reaction time in the rat tail-flick and on the decrease of reaction time induced by the intrathecal injection of the NK1 receptor selective agonist [Sar9,Met(O2)11]SP or of the NK2 selective agonist NKA-(4-10). The decrease in reaction time produced by the NK1 agonist lasted less than 11 min while that evoked by the NK2 agonist persisted 26 min after injection. When given intrathecally, CP-96,345 and its chloro analog, Cl-CP, blocked dose-dependently both the behavioral responses and the decreases of reaction time induced by 6.5 nmol of [Sar9,Met(O2)11]SP while they failed to modify the hyperalgesic response to 6.5 nmol NKA-(4-10); CP-96,345 was found more potent than Cl-CP and was also active as an antagonist when given intravenously. In contrast, SR 48968 (6.5 and 65 nmol) blocked the NKA-(4-10)-induced decreases in reaction time and was inactive against the hyperalgesic effect of [Sar9,Met(O2)11]SP. The three antagonists blocked in a reversible manner, were inactive on their own on reaction time and non-toxic. The results indicate that the non-peptide CP-96,345 readily crosses the blood brain barrier and acts as a selective antagonist on spinal NK1 receptors, while SR 48968 is selective on NK2 receptors in the rat spinal cord. Hence, CP-96,345 and SR 48968 highlight a functional role of NK1 and NK2 receptors in spinal sensory neurotransmission.