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Life sciences

Non-opioid antitussives potentiate some behavioural and EEG effects of N-methyl-D-aspartate channel blockers.


PMID 7683364

Abstract

The effects of the non-opioid oral antitussives dextromethorphan (DM) and caramiphen (CP) were tested against the behavioural and EEG effects elicited by the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) antagonists dizocilpine (MK 801) and phencyclidine (PCP) in rats and mice. PCP (1.25-10 mg/kg i.p.) induced a dose-dependent increase/decrease of the locomotor/exploratory activity of mice. DM (25-50 mg/kg i.p.) and MK 801 (0.125-0.250 mg/kg i.p.) induced an increase of the locomotor/exploratory activity of mice, while CP (25-50 mg/kg i.p.) did not produce such an effect. CP (12.5 mg/kg i.p.) and DM (12.5 mg/kg i.p.) significantly potentiated the effects of PCP (1.25 mg/kg i.p.) and MK 801 (0.062 mg/kg i.p.) in the open field test in mice. In rats, PCP (1.25-10 mg/kg i.p.) induced three dose-dependent EEG stages: 1) increase of the cortical desynchronization periods; 2) increase of the amplitude of cortical background activity; 3) appearance of cortical slow wave-spike complexes. Even though DM (up to 100 mg/kg i.p.) only induced PCP-like EEG stage 1 by itself, and CP (up to 50 mg/kg i.p.) did not affect basal cortical EEG activity, these drugs, at the doses of 30-50 mg/kg i.p., potentiated all the EEG effects induced by PCP. These data support the view of an interaction between non-opioid antitussives and non-competitive NMDA antagonists.

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SML0319
Caramiphen hydrochloride, ≥98% (HPLC)
C18H27NO2 · HCl