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The Journal of biological chemistry

A highly conserved insulin-like growth factor-binding protein (IGFBP-5) is expressed during myoblast differentiation.


PMID 7693664

Abstract

Insulin-like growth factor-binding proteins (IGFBPs) are a family of secreted proteins that bind insulin-like growth factors I and II (IGFs I and II) and are capable of modulating IGF actions on target cells. We have shown previously that C2 myoblasts secrete a single approximately 29-kDa IGFBP during their terminal differentiation (Tollefsen, S. E., Lajara, R., McCusker, R. H., Clemmons, D. R., and Rotwein, P. (1989) J. Biol. Chem. 264, 13810-13817). In this study, we have purified the protein from C2 cell-conditioned media by conventional and IGF-affinity chromatography, cloned its cDNA by PCR-based and traditional library screening, and identified it as mouse IGFBP-5. The resultant 5561 nucleotide cDNA encodes a 252-amino acid mature protein (predicted M(r) approximately 28,400) that is 97% identical to rat and human IGFBP-5. In differentiating C2 myoblasts and in F3 azamyoblasts the > 6-kilobase IGFBP-5 mRNA accumulates concomitantly with induction of myogen mRNA, an early marker of muscle differentiation. Ligand blot analysis shows that IGFBP-5 protein is secreted within 12 h of the onset of differentiation in these cells and that it is the only IGFBP produced in several fusing skeletal muscle cell lines. In vivo, IGFBP-5 transcripts are expressed in a variety of mouse tissues including striated muscle, but, unlike other IGFBPs, it is barely detectable in liver. IGFBP-5 is more conserved than other IGFBPs in mammals; its conserved structure and sequence also extends to non-mammalian vertebrates. Hybridization of a mouse BP5 coding region probe to RNA from several chicken and Xenopus tissues demonstrated similarly sized transcripts in these species. A partial Xenopus cDNA is identical in 38/45 deduced amino acids to the mammalian proteins. Identification of an IGF-binding protein that is produced during myoblast differentiation provides a model system in which to study the potential modulatory role of IGFBPs in development.